Physical Geography Courses
GEOG-2216(3) PHYSICAL GEOLOGY (Le3,La2) This course surveys the elements of stratigraphy, structural geology, earthquakes, historical geology, and volcanism within the unifying concept of plate tectonics. Labs demonstrate the methods of determining the characteristics of major geological structures as they typically appear on maps and air photos. GEOG-2216L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisites: GEOG-2215(3) or permission of instructor
GEOG-2218(3) FLUVIAL AND HILLSLOPE PROCESSES (Le3,La2) This course examines geomorphic processes operating in rivers and on slopes. Among the topics discussed are the factors which influence the stability and form of slopes, the characteristics of watersheds and stream networks, the factors which govern the forms, patterns adjustments and long profiles of river channels, the transport of sediment in fluvial systems, the depositional features produced by streams, and the long-term evolution of entire landscapes. Labs emphasize both analytic methods and the interpretation of maps and air photos. GEOG-2218L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both GEOG-2218(3) and the former GEOG-2201(6).
GEOG-2219(3) GLACIAL AND PERIGLACIAL PROCESSES (Le3,La2) This course examines the geomorphic processes operating in glacial and periglacial environments. Topics discussed include the basic concepts of physical glaciology, glacial erosion and sedimentation, Quaternary geology and Pleistocene chronology, the methods used to intepret and reconstruct glacial and interglacial successions, the causes of global glaciation, periglacial processes and landforms, and the geomorphic significance of sea ice. Analytical and data acquisition techniques are emphasized in the labs. GEOG-2219L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisite: GEOG-1202(3) or permission of instructor
Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for GEOG-2218(3) and the former GEOG-2201(6) and GEOG-2211(3).
GEOG-3204(3) CLIMATE CHANGE AND VARIABILITY (Le3,) The causes and characteristics of regional and global climate change and variability will be examined, as will be the methods of reconstructing climate histories. Emphasis will be placed on the North American experience. Topics will include atmosphere teleconnections (e.g., El Niño and La Niña), global warming, and climate forecasting.
Prerequisites: GEOG-2207(3) or permission of instructor.
GEOG-3210(3) HYDROLOGY (Le3,) This course examines all major components (precipitation, evaporation, streamflow, groundwater) of the hydrologic cycle with the most attention being given to surface hydrology. The emphasis throughout the course will be placed upon the methods by which each component may be measured or estimated. Additional topics to be covered include the causes and consequences of floods, flood frequency, analysis, estimation of peak streamflows, snow hydrology, sediment transport, water balance methods, and urban hydrology. Weekly assignments will provide experience in the practical aspects of data treatment, measurement techniques, and methods of prediction. This course will be offered in alternate years. GEOG-3210L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisites: GEOG-1201(3) and GEOG-1202(3), or permission of instructor.
Restrictions: Students may not receive credit for both GEOG-3210(3) and the former GEOG-4221(3).
GEOG-3211(3) KARST & COASTAL GEOMORPHOLOGY (Le3) Nearly a third of Manitoba is made up of rocks highly susceptible
to chemical solution, and surficial and subterranean karstification is an important aspect of landscape development in the province. Canada possesses the longest coastline in the world; Manitoba is the only prairie province with a sea coast; and Manitoba's lacustrine shorelines show many examples of the same features seen in marine environments. This course examines the distinct processess and landscapes in regions of carbonate rocks and evaporites, and in the coastal zone. Practical laboratory work and field investigations will be integral parts of this course. GEOG-3211L (lab) must be taken concurrently.
Prerequisites: GEOG-2218(3) and GEOG-2219(3).
GEOG-3215(3) BIOGEOGRAPHY (Le3,La2) This course first addresses the history of biogeography and the contemporary views on both species diversity and biodiversity. This is followed by an examination of the role of plate tectonics in helping account for contemporary floral and faunal realms, a review of MacArthur and Wilson's "equilibrium theory of island biogeography", and a consideration of how species colonize isolated locations such as islands. Anthropogenic alterations of natural ecosystems are then reviewed in terms of nutrient cycling disruptions, and the course concludes with an examination of both natural and human induced vegetation cover changes during the Holocene Epoch.
Prerequisites or Concurrent: GEOG-2213(3) and GEOG-2214(3).
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